Monday, 31 July 2017

CHANDRAPUR – CHANDA - REMEMBRANCES OF AN ANCIENT TRIBAL KINGDOM

Chandrapur or Chanda as known earlier is the headquarters of Chandrapur District of Maharashtra state, India. It is also nicknamed as Black Gold City because of the coal mines located here. Tadoba National Park (Tiger Reserve) is also in the same district.

Though the area was originally inhabited by Tribal / Adivasi people belonging to Gond Community, now the town part is of modern look. Gond/Gondi community is Adivasi people of central India, spread over the present States of Madhya Pradesh, eastern part of Maharashtra (Vidarbha) and Chhattisgarh – earlier known as Madhya Bharat with Nagpur as the capital. Tribes as a whole in India have no cast system and have their own form of worship, rules and regulations. But now many of them are influenced by outsiders and adopted modern way of life.

Chandrapur is also considered to be the single place where the Tribe community who captured power from intruders and had their own fort and other establishments. The remains are still existing. Some photographs are here.

One photograph is attached here. Other photographs can be watched through my Youtube channel  link given here:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1YueUc2nwEs&feature=youtu.be 

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Sunday, 30 April 2017

THRISSUR POORAM (festival), KERALA

Thrissur pooram is a main festival celebrated in the Thrissur (Trichur) town which is the headquarters of Thrissur district. The main attraction of the festival is the decorated elephant procession, colourful fireworks, and various instrumental music. Earlier, Arattupuzha pooram was the final point of all poorams in the region ruled by the Kochi Raja(King). But unfortunately one year the Thrissur pooram procession could not move to Arattupuzha because of heavy rain. Then the King ordered that henceforth, the Pooram would be held at Thrissur itself. The present name of Thrisur is derived from the earlier name Thrissivaperoor associated with the main deity Lord Siva of the Temple around which the Pooram is celebrated. The date of Thrissur pooram is calculated according to the Malayalam calendar and hence normally it comes in the month of April-May,

Associated with the Thrissur Pooram, there are various other activities. Thrissur Pooram Exhibition is one among them. In this exhibition many people are involved. Many organisations exhibit their activities. Many people come here from far away states to sell their products.

Thrissur is almost in the middle of Kerala and also known as the cultural capital of Kerala.


Few days before and after the Pooram festival, there is heavy rush in the city. So advance booking of accommodation is desirable for those who are coming from far away places.

Thrissur is connected to all over India by rail and road. Kochi and Kozhikode air ports are nearest for air travel.



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Thursday, 2 February 2017

SREE RAMA TEMPLE THRIPRAYAR, THRISSUR - KERALA

Thriprayar Temple is a very famous and ancient temple. The temple is dedicated to Lord Rama. It is also one of the temple included in the Nalambalam [Four Temples - Sree Rama Temple, Thriprayar – Koodalmanikyam (Sree Bharata) Temple, Irinjalakuda - Sree Lakshmana Temple, Moozhikkulam - Sree Shathruknha Temple, Payammal] pilgrimage of Hindu religion. ‘Thriprayar Ekadasi’ is the main festival and very famous.
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It is on the west bank of Canoly Canal (Thriprayar) situated at the boundary of Valapad and Nattika Panchayaths in Thrissur District of Kerala. It is conveniently connected by road NH-17 Panvel-Edapally National Highway and almost in the midway of the famous Guruvayur Temple and Kodungallur Temple. Frequent buses are also available from Thrissur which is connected by Rail from all over India.

[To know my other publications – books, blogs etc., visit my home page at: www.manjaly.net]


Other nearby pilgrimage centres are:- St. Thomas Church, Palayur established by St. Thomas, Marthoma Pontifical Shrine at Azhikode where St. Thomas first landed in India in A.D.52, Cheraman Palli (Juma Masjid), Kodungallur – first Masjid in India built in A.D.629.

Thriprayar Temple - ordinary day

Thriprayar Temple - Ekadasi festival nig

Tuesday, 25 October 2016

MADURAI, TAMIL NADU, INDIA

During the 3rd century BC, Megasthanes a Greek historian visited Madurai. Later on many people came from western parts like Rome, Greece etc. and established trade with the Pandya kings. By 10th century AD Madurai was captured by Cholas and ruled it till the beginning of the 13th century. Then Pandyas regained it in 1223 AD. For a short period it was also under the rule of Tughlak. Then it fell to the Vijayanagar dynasty and ruled by their Governors called Nayaks. But in 1530 AD, the Nayaks became independent and took control over the area. During the reign of Thirumalai Nayak (1623-1659) the Raja Gopuram of the Meenakshi Amman Temple was made to the present state, The Pudu Mandapam and The Thirumalai Nayakar's Palace were also constructed during this period. Gradually, it went into the hands of British till India became Independent.


Madurai city is well connected by Air, Rail and Road. There are also many other tourist places near to Madurai such as Kodai Canal, Kanyakumari etc. in Tamil Nadu and Thekkadi, Munnar etc.in Kerala. Conducted tours are also available to these places from Madurai.

Meenakshi temple

Meenakshi temple

Meenakshi temple

Nayakar's Palace

Nayakar's Palace


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Tuesday, 26 April 2016

Athirappilly water fall - Thrissur, Kerala.

Athirappilly water fall is located at Athirappilly village in Thrissur District of Kerala. It is part of Western Ghats, at about 1000 feets above sea level. It is the starting point of Chalakudi River. It is surrounded by mountains with thick green forest. The main speciality of the fall is that it is a round the year phenomena, though in the monsoon it is more beautiful. On the way other two picnic spots are also available, namely, Thumboormuzhi and Ezhattumukham. Both are two sides of the same river joined with a hanging bridge. Enough for a one day picnic.

To reach there, frequent buses are available from Chalakudy town bus stand. Nearest railway station is also Chalakudy. Nearest Airport is Nedumbassery (Kochi). 

Video:
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Friday, 25 March 2016

Malayattoor, Christian International Pilgrim Centre, Ernakulam, Kerala,India

Malayattoor is primarily a Christian Pilgrim centre in Ernakulam District of Kerala in South India. There is an old Chapel as well as a new Church at the top of the mountain called Kurishumudi dedicated to St. Thomas, one of the Apostles of Jesus Christ. It is believed that St. Thomas visited this place on his way to Tamil Nadu from Kodungallur/Azhikode in Kerala where he landed first in AD 52. The main parish Church is at the bottom of the hill. The word Malayattoor is a combination of three words Mala (mountain), Aar (river), and Ooru (village) indicating the presence of these three items in the same place.

Kurishumudy which is the top part of the mountain at Malayattoor is 1269 feet above the sea level. At the bottom of the mountain, there is a lake garden with boating facility. Canteen run by the Church is available at top and bottom of the mountain. Other mini eateries are also available. There will be heavy rush during Sundays and Fridays of Easter season. There is no proper road to reach the top. There are some steps constructed in some parts. Otherwise one has to climb through the natural foot path with projected rocks. But there is ambulance service up to some level of the mountain. The main festival of the church is on the 1st Sunday after Easter. 

On the other side of the river there is a sanctuary of elephants brought from the forest and protected particularly the babies. Recently some parts of this sanctuary is shifted to some other place. Kaladi the birthplace of Adi Sankaracharya, a Hindu saint, is also very close to Malayattoor. He is a world famous philosopher and founder of the principle of ‘Advaita’.


Best season to visit Malayatoor is from January to April. For reaching by air, Kochi international airport is the nearest. By rail Angamali railway station is the nearest. Malayatoor is connected by road to many nearby cities in Keala like Ernakulam, Thrissur, etc. There is also limited accommodation near the main Church at the bottom of the mountain.

view from the top
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Tuesday, 8 March 2016

EZHATTUMUGHAM: KERALA NATURE TOURISM


Ezhattumugham is a village in the border of Thrissur and Ernakulam districts of Kerala, India. It is on the banks of Chalakudi River. The other side is also a tourist place called Thumboormuzhi. Now both sides of the river is connected by a hanging rope bridge. In the non-monsoon season one can cross the river by foot through the river. The meaning of the word Ezhatumugham is seven faces of the river. If both places are to be visited separate ticket has to be taken from sides.

There is a Palm Plantation of the Kerala Government through which only we can reach the spot. The part of the road maintained by the Palm Plantation was very poor when we visited the place. Therefore, it is advisable to reach the place from the thumboormuzhi side (see the thumboormuzhi post) and cross the river through the hanging bridge or through the river.

Nedumbassery Airport is the nearest with about 11 kms distance. Chalakkudy town is the nearest convenient road and rail head to reach the place.




Read my book: ' A fraud in the Indian Constitution' ( http://www.amazon.in/dp/9352353986 )
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